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What is autism?

Autism is a neurobiological or neurodevelopment situation which is profoundly variable. There are not too autism case which is the same. They have the same characteristics. The characteristics which they all have in common is known as the “Triad of Impairment”.

These impairments consist of notable deficiencies beyond three developmental states:

  1. Social interaction impairment
  2. Communication impairment-Verbal and non-verbal
  3. Thinking and behavioural impairments

1. Social interaction impairment

There is various kind of behaviour which describes this set of an individual with autism. They appear very calm, acting like every other people around them don’t exist. They also make no eye contact or just little if at all they will do. Their face could also lack passionate display.

Another group of social interaction impaired autism are these rare ones who accept the proposal of other people. They can be made to participate in activities as submissive partners and sometimes returns eye contact with other people. There is another group called the “active but odd”. These group of impaired hardly pay attention to people, no good eye contact, and could also stare for a long time.

Their handshakes could be firm and vigorous. The final sub-kind is the overly stilted and even too formal group. They use language in a way that is formal, even when it’s not necessary. These group of impaired people could be extremely polite and make sure they abide by the rules of social intercommunication, but they hardly understand. Their language skills tend to mask the social deficit in them.

2. Communication impairment-Verbal and non-verbal

Autistic people do have communication deficit which differs from one degree to another. Use of speech is always a problem for them or the possibility of not been able to speak at all.

They repeat words that they hear or keep repeating phrases of words that connect to their wants. Understanding speech is also part of their deficits. Sounds of the word tend to be confusing in their brain.

The problem with sarcasm, irony and humour is in those with a well-advanced eloquent speech.
They might also have difficulties in understanding the difference between singular and plural words.

People with autism could sometimes also have notable difficulties in accentuating the sound of their voice and expressing what they speak. Their speech may sound robotic and make a slow statement.

They also tend to emphasise the tone of a particular word with force. They could be too quiet sometime or too lousy.

What is more important in this case is non-verbal communication for social communication to go smoothly. Therefore, its vital to acknowledge the fact that discussion goes beyond speech.

Autistic people understand non-verbal communication better than talking. They may as well find it difficult to interpret facial appearance or use it by themselves.

3. Thinking and Behavioural Impairments

Autistic people do have difficulty in taking part in a play or using their brain for imagination. Inability to take part in game deprive them of the ability to sense other people’s feelings. Therefore, sharing others moment of joy or sorrow could be difficult.

Stereotyped and repetitive motion or movements can be noticed in autistic people. You might often see them touch, taste or smell things. They also twirl objects to their eyes for a proper look. They sometimes jump up and down while making heavy noise.

In some severe case of an upset, you may see them hit their head on the floor, wall or begin to scratch and pull their skin. All this characteristics and behaviour is a sign of apparent stiffness in their reasoning and expression.

Although, every autistic people have a deficiency in all the three triads mentioned above. They all vary depending on the nature of impairment in each person.

Its crucial for those working with autistic kids to personalise their interaction with them. Autism is a variable state with no similarity in more than a kid with some looking normal but having mental deficits.

what is autism spectrum disorder

Difficulties that may Characterise Autism

There are other deficits in addition to the triads which are often linked to autism but not known if autism is the cause. The most obvious ones are sensory combination deficit, epileptic seizure, fragile X syndrome, learning disability, tuberous sclerosis, dyslexia and Tourette syndrome. Relevant treatment of all associated condition must be well treated.

Educating Kids With Autism

Educating autistic kids is very achievable with the right support system in place. Language and speech therapy must be part of their studies, so also psychological service, occupational therapy and even special education. Although, they understand words in different ways of putting them in mainstream classrooms makes them benefits from other able kids, and other kids also benefit from sharing a class with them.

The educational and social support they receive changes as they advance in their education. Note, autistic children can be educated and make to reach their desire potentials.

The task given to them might progress slowly and difficult to understand, but with the right support, progress is inevitable.
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If autism is critical and followed by notably challenging behaviour like aggression, extreme disorganisation, self-harm and language education

Psychiatric assistance should be given to kids with a severe case of aggressiveness to enhance their education program. Many Autistic people achieve greater height in education and get employment.

Individuals with autism may have education and also a large number of them can enter the workforce, sometimes independently and with fantastic success, occasionally requiring assistance from a job trainer and sometimes may call for the sheltered working place. In addition to entering the workforce many individuals with autism may live individual lives, a few may call for organised and protection, and a few will need accommodation is configurations.

Autism and the mind

Substantial research established to look into the precise nature of mental function in an individual who has autism. A lot has been heard, but there’s more to be heard later on. What is known today is that there appear to be some gaps in the mental functioning of individuals with autism. With improvements in neuroimaging, it’s currently feasible to examine the mind with doing an autopsy.

This makes it possible to study the way the brain functions while it’s working. These imaging techniques have proven that there appears to be quite a range of brain structures connected with autism and autistic spectrum disorders. These include the cerebellum, limbic system, cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, corpus callosum, and brain stem cells.

These build-ups are responsible for cognition, emotional management motion, and regulation in addition to sensory reception. Other studies have been looking into the function of neurotransmitters like serotonin, epinephrine, and dopamine.

There appears to be a hereditary factor involved with a number of those brain dysfunctions, and some study suggests that strange brain development may happen in the first three weeks old, and it is a hereditary variable which contributes to autism occurring in early youth.

What’s being discovered turns other notions, like Bettelheim’sdown. Autism is no one’s fault. It’s a neurodevelopment disorder impacting more boys than women (4:1), taking place in approximately 3-6percent of the populace.

This creates autism less common compared to typical learning disabilities however frequent than cerebral palsy, hearing impairment and visual impairment. Translating these figures into something more eloquent it could be stated that about 1 in 500 to 1 in 150 individuals will probably be born with autism.

The consequences for all these figures are alarming since it usually means that almost every college in the nation has a kid on the spectrum with autism. And also the vast majority of those kids have yet to be diagnosed and therefore are perceived as a pejorative light from their educators, sometimes apparently strange or obstreperous and at times lazy or not able to learn.

Autism and the household

Autism is a household illness. Whenever there is one kid in the household with autism, there’s a condition found that impacts every single member including people who don’t reside in the same home. On getting a diagnosis of autism parents occasionally feel that a certain relief, today understanding it isn’t the fault that the youngster differs.

Other folks respond with anger, despair, shame, jealousy or anger. Occasionally they get mad with all the diagnostician and refuse to trust the findings. The effect of the investigation is always best on the mommy.

The effects of dwelling with a person on the spectrum demonstrated to be more difficult in the mother than the father. The reduced paternal effect has a great deal to do with variables connected to the sex role of this guy in the traditional household: outside of the home and functioning much of this moment.

Mothers are abandoned in the vital caretaker function and confront the daily strain of rearing a kid with autism. For dads, the significant effect of autism in your household is connected to the stress it places on the mum. Statistics in the united states appear to imply that the divorce rate from families of kids with autism isn’t greater compared to other homes.

This is something which hasn’t yet been studied widely in different nations however one study conducted at the United Kingdom suggests that the only parent rate in households with autism is 17 per cent, compared with 10 per cent in different houses.

Various studies have proven that the psychological effect of autism in the mom can be very severe. Many mothers encounter sufficient mental distress to take drugs or psychotherapy. Another study demonstrated that 50 per cent of mothers of kids with autism screed favourably for significant emotional distress and this had been correlated with reduced levels of family service and training a child with challenging behaviour.

Another study increased this amount to 66 per cent. The psychological pressure on the mother seems to have a substantial influence on the job position. Many can’t operate outside the house. For the ones that can work out the house, there’s an elevated prevalence of tardiness, missed times and decrease to part-time standing.

Mothers will also be the one most likely to be held accountable for their child’s behaviour by others, away from the household including teachers and neighbours. Mothers often deal differently with those anxieties than dads. Fathers tend to conceal their feelings and curb them, but the result often raises episodes of anger outburst.

Mothers often deal by discussing their issues with pals, especially other moms of kids with autism. They also venture into the situation by getting enthusiastic information and frequently understanding about autism by the teachers of the children. The effect of autism on the being isn’t to be suppressed.

They understand from a young age that their sister or brother is”distinct”. They will have ridiculous questions, but many often do not inquire for fear of damaging the parent’s mindset. They may have a profound love of their sibling with autism, but that love is occasionally connected with bitterness and anger on account of the rise in time that the parents spend on their sibling with autism.

They will frequently fret about their potential and worry about whether they will”get” autism or whenever they pass it to their children daily. The effect isn’t necessarily harmful, and many studies have proven that being the parent of a child with autism is related to increased self-confidence and social proficiency. Care-taking skills frequently improve also.

Degrees of tolerance to gap could be more significant than at the siblings of kids who don’t have autism. So, what exactly do we know about the effect of autism in the household? It’s a mixed bag of outcomes. Sometimes it can be catastrophic. Occasionally it can result in high levels of working abilities and a feeling of self-mastery.

A lot is dependent upon the household itself and the neighbourhood where it’s embedded. A whole lot more is determined by the treatments and supports readily available, particularly the instructional interventions and supports which could be supplied. One that is certain: autism is a household condition affecting everybody.

Advantages of Digital Hearing Aids

hearing aid types and costsThough there are several types of hearing aids, the digital hearing aids are deemed the best in terms of reliability and efficiency. This is because of the quality of sound that comes from them. Today, more and more people with hearing difficulties have been gravitated towards digital hearing aids and have neglected the analog hearing aids.

Perhaps it’s due to the numerous advantages that digital hearing aids have over analog hearing aids. For the sake of this article, I am going to talk about the advantages of digital hearing aids. However, before we go into details about the advantages of these devices, let us first know the difference between analog and digital hearing aids.

Analog hearing aids generally takes and amplifies sound as it is without making any modification on the sound, just in a similar way cupping your hands behind your hear amplifies sound. Digital hearing aids, on the other hand, take in sound waves, translate them to a digital format, distort, filter, amplify, and finally deliver them to the ear canal, tailored according to your needs.

Digital hearing aids have a special chip known as digital signal processer that enable them to perform all these functions. Now that you have known the difference between analog and digital hearing aids, let us now look at the advantages of these devices.

They are small in Size Compared to Analog Hearing Aids

Generally, digital hearing aids are very small in size compared to their analog counterparts. They can be placed behind the ear without other people noticing. This means that the person using these devices will not be embarrassed in knowing that other people know about his or her deafness. This is the greatest advantage of digital hearing aids.

Improved Speech and Noise Filtering

Digital hearing aids are incredible multitaskers. Despite their small size, these devices can perform different sound processing tasks. In one function, the digital hearing aid is capable of differentiating between speech-sounds and noise and as such amplify the speech while reducing the noise at the same time. In analog hearing aids, the sound is amplified less discriminately, hence a lot of noise can get its way through a meaningful conversation.

They Can Be Specially Designed to Fit an Individual’s Needs

Digital hearing aids can be programmed using a special software to suit your hearing needs. Though analog hearing aids can also be programmed in a way, digital technology offers a far much greater degree of sound processing and fine-tuning. A better programming in digital hearing aids means ability to adapt in different sound environment. For instance from a quiet library to a noisy club or restaurant.

They are More Comfortable

One of the greatest disadvantage of analog hearing aids is the discomfort that comes from the noisy sounds. However, using the digital signal processor in digital hearing aids, the noise is reduced significantly. This is because digital hearing aids have specific input signal dependence band, many channels, and knee pints that lower the compression threshold. This helps to reduce the intensity of environmental sounds as well as noise from the microphone that makes most users of analog hearing aids uncomfortable.

programmable hearing aid

Digital Feedback Reduction

Digital hearing aids have feedback reduction systems that are so advanced that they can monitor feedback while the user is wearing the device. When this happens, moderate feedback is cut down through a cancellation filter in the device. People who bother the users when they are close to them or during jaw movement can benefit from this feature in digital hearing aids.

Digital Speech Enhancement

Digital speech enhancement technology was recently introduced to digital hearing aids, making it effective in intensifying specific segments of speech, making it a better device that the analog hearing aids. However, more studies are still being done on this feature to establish how effective it can be when it comes to enhancing speech.

Eye-Catching Designs and Color

Unlike analog hearing aids, most digital hearing aids have more eye-catching designs and colors such that most people mistake them for phone Bluetooth. Their design and colors make it less embarrassing to the users since most people cannot tell what they are. Most hearing aid users feel embarrassed when they realize that other people know about their hearing disabilities.

The beautiful designs and colors of these devices, therefore, helps in hiding their embarrassment since most people mistake them for communication devices. Not too long, the use of digital hearing aids will completely replace analog hearing aids. However, this may not be possible until the price for digital hearing aids are lowered. But who knows? People can as well decide to embrace the new technology over the analog given the several advantages it comes with.

deaf education

The Importance of Quality Education for Deaf and Mute Kids

We all deserve to have the proper education. Education is the basis of all learning of every single thinking human being. Especially when we are educating the kids, who are the next generation. From their generation will rise the next leaders of the country, the next big star, the next person that will discover a cure for a certain disease.

Just because some of the kids are deaf and mute, that does not absolutely deaf and mutemean that they would be receiving less quality education. In fact, they deserve to get more than what they truly need. Why should we consider on giving them the quality education that we give out to every other normal student?

Just Like Everyone Else, They Need it Too

We must never discount them or disregard them because of their disability. The more ‘disabled’ they are, the more that we should love them because, in fact, they need it.

They might not be able to speak, or they might not be able to hear either, but one thing is for sure, they have a heart that loves and a mind that thinks, and that alone is a huge factor on why all of the educational institutions should be giving them a quality education.

 

They Need it More

It might be stated in earlier point that they need the same quality of education or so. But the truth of the matter is that they need it more. You do not know what runs into their minds until you would be there to stand up and be with them. You do not know their backstory on how they got that, how things happened.

Also, you do not even know what they feel or think of in every situation that happens. Do they get angry? Do they get jealous? Do they get happy? You do not know! That is why they should be receiving more than what they deserve.

 

They are Kids, They are the World’s Future

It is a truth that they would be growing up. As older people, or people who do not have disabilities or what not, you should be that one who is going to shape their current situations and set it out for the coming days. These kids could be the future leaders of the nation, the future thinkers, the people who will push innovation forward, whatever their disabilities are, those do not disqualify them to think, love, learn and respect.

There is absolutely no point and meaning in giving these kids the less quality of education that they deserve. This generation is ought to live a generation that has equality amongst every citizen. That principle even serves in the aspect of education, they are kids, they are students, they have the rights to learn, to receive a proper and quality education. If humanity loves them, then they should be deserving to receive the love that humanity gives to them.

 

first deaf school in america

How to Easily Learn Sign Language for Communicating with Deaf Kids

basic sign languageLearning a new language is not easy, especially if it is a language that is not spoken, but rather it is a language that is done by acting and by gestures. If as a person, you truly desire to learn sign language because you want to communicate the language that they speak so that you would have the sort of connection with each other.

But since, it is not actually easy to learn such, there are certain ways, means or methods on how to easily learn this language so that you could communicate to deaf kids with ease.

 

Learn it by Yourself

If you do not have all those financial resources, but you have all the time in the world to learn a language that you are very interested in, then you can absolutely learn it all by yourself. Apparently, there are a lot of ways on how to learn certain things by yourself. You could go and look for something online, you can search for ways on how to learn the sign language over the internet.

Watching DVD about learning the language is also considerable, if you are good at looking at a screen monitor and learn stuff, then go do it. You can also read books that teach sign language. If you are very willing to learn it all, then you would be very willing to do all those steps for you to learn the language.

These steps are good if you are a type of person that could finish the job by doing things alone, if you want to learn with a community, then you might have to consider other options.

 

Enroll in a class

This type of class does not matter, it depends on what suits you most. If you are the person who loves to stay at home and you have all those different platforms that could connect to the internet, then you could go and look for online learning classes. You can choose if you want to have a personal one-on-one learning with someone who will teach you or could choose a class type setting of learning.

But if you love to do things in a physical manner, you want to ask questions, you want to move and go somewhere else outside your home, then you can look for certain institutions that will teach sign language. There you could find a legit community that you could talk to and do things with. However, these methods are only very applicable if you have all those financial resources. If you can pay for a class that will run for days or weeks, then consider this method.

 

Have Someone to Teach You, Preferably a Friend

If you know of someone who is good at sign language, then you can ask him or on how to communicate using the sign language. If you want a real personal teacher, then you could talk between the two of you if you want to pay the person, if not, then you could just ask him or her occasionally every time you meet. You do not need to rush into learning the language unless you need to do so.american sign language classes

 

Be Dedicated

This might be the hardest part, but it’s the one that does not need too much of qualifications to do. Whatever method you have chosen, you must be dedicated to doing these. Make sure that you are willing, and sure of every that you will take.

As a conclusion, there are a lot of ways on how to easily learn the sign language. But since you are doing this specifically to deaf kids, then you must have the most important quality, which is to capacity to love.

You are not just doing this for your own gain, but rather you are doing this more for the benefit of the deaf community of kids. Your heart is the one that is needed in doing all those methods, if you love the kids, the deaf kids, then you have no reason to stop learning.

teaching deaf students in the classroom

4 Tips on How to Teach Hearing Impaired Students Successfully

Students who are deaf receive information differently than others. They often use an interpreter, lip read, C-print, or through an assistive listening device. To help you teach your student effectively, we have listed down useful tips to help them thrive in learning.

Here are 4 tips on how to teach hearing impaired students successfully.

Adapt to the Classroom

To ensure that the classroom is suitable for deaf students, there are a few steps to take. If possible, turn off any devices or equipment that creates loud noises in the background such as projectors and fans. It is best to eliminate the extra noise to help students with hearing impairments focus on the assignment and tasks at hand. Keep in mind that even students with hearing aids will become distracted by background noise.

Take Considerations in Communication

It is vital to follow effective communication for students with hearing impairments. Not only will this help ensure success but also allow students to interact with each other. It is important to look at students directly and face them when communicating. You can say their name or signal their attention before you speak to ensure that their focus is on you.

No Need to Exaggerate

While you don’t need to exaggerate your lip movements, it helps to slow down how you talk. You can use facial expressions and gestures to help convey your message through body language. Younger students may often fall behind in social development so consider teaching social skills in a game form.

Add Visual Stimulation

Adjust the methods of teaching to help accommodate your student’s need. Provide visual cues and consider providing a laptop for class use. Provide students with a daily outline of their lesson to help them focus on discussions given.

What other tips can you recommend in teaching students with hearing disabilities? Comment below and share your tips with us!

curriculum adaptation for hearing impaired

Infographic by: www.worldbank.org

4 month shots side effects

5 Tips on how to Read for Families with Deafness or Hearing Loss

Want to find ways on how you can read a book together and bond with your child? Even with hearing disabilities, looking to read will help their development and give them a gift that will last a lifetime. In this guide, we will discuss how you can read with your child through all stages of learning.

Here are 5 tips on how to read for families with deafness or hearing loss.

Find books they take interest in

You will find that sharing books together are great ways to bond and help your child’s development in reading grow. While your child may have a hearing disability, this may lead to challenges that your child will face in learning. What better way to start their interest in reading by finding books that they enjoy.

Make reading a habit

Each time you read to your child, you will help their brain to further develop. Make it a habit of reading to your child every day and allow them to choose books that they will enjoy. Find books that repeat or rhyme the same sound as they will help your child learn the sounds that each letter makes.

Read based on their attention span

As younger children tend to have short attention spans, try reading one or two books at a time. Allow their attention to reading build as you grow your reading time. Your child will soon discover how fun reading time can be.

Repeat their Favorite Stories

Read the same stories again and again to their liking. Not only will this help your child catch words, they will also become to memorize the story and details. Make sure your child can see your face, the words, and the pictures. This will help them follow the story even if they cannot catch all the words at once.

Let them make the move

Allow your child to turn the pages, lift the flaps, and hold the book. This will allow them to practice using their hands and prepare for sign language.

What other ways can you recommend on teaching your child to read? Comment below and share your tips with us!